The information below includes a limited overview of the disorder based on the DSM-5 Diagnostic Criteria. Only a licensed therapist can provide a diagnosis.

Major Depressive Disorder

Primary symptoms include depressed mood and/or loss of interest in activities that were once enjoyed.

  • Constant depressed mood, nearly every day.

  • Lack of interest or pleasure in activities that were once enjoyed.

  • Significant changes in weight.

  • Sleep-related issues

  • Fatigue and energy loss

  • Feelings of guilt, and/or worthlessness.

  • Issues concentrating, or decisiveness (nearly every day).

  • Recurrent thoughts of death and suicide.

If these symptoms last longer than 2 years, you may also have Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia).

Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder

Primarily characterized by chronic irritability.

  • Severe recurrent temper outbursts that are out of proportion to the situation.

  • Temper outbursts occur three or more times per week.

  • Mood between outbursts is consistently irritable throughout the day.

  • Outbursts have occurred at least for the last 12 months and include at home, school, and/or with friends or acquaintances.


American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

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